Revolution and Counter-Revolution - The American TFP
After I first published this essay in September 2014, I read Paul Boyer's , which surveyed the reactions of Americans to dropping atom bombs on Japan. I read it in relation to my studies regarding the , but what struck me was how similar the reactions to the bombs were to how people view FE today. The primary difference, of course, is that everybody acknowledges that nuclear bombs exist and have been used, while almost nobody acknowledges today that FE technology exists, through , , or . Another obvious difference is that the first use of atomic energy was vaporizing a couple of cities. While the initial American reaction was celebratory and euphoric, it quickly became evident that the USA would not hold a monopoly on nuclear weapons forever, and fears of nuclear attack became part of the fabric of American consciousness, and by 1946, nearly half of Americans were amenable to the idea of a world government that could prevent a nuclear holocaust.
American Revolutionary War Veterans ..
Only when economic surpluses (primarily food) were redistributed, first by chiefs and then by early states, did men rise to dominance in those agricultural civilizations. Because the rise of civilization in the Fertile Crescent is the best studied and had the greatest influence on humanity, this chapter will tend to focus on it, although it will also survey similarities and differences with other regions where agriculture and civilization first appeared. Whenever agriculture appeared, cities nearly always eventually appeared, usually a few thousand years later. Agriculture’s chief virtue was that it extracted vast amounts of human-digestible energy from the land, and population densities hundreds of times greater than that of hunter-gatherers became feasible. The , but today it is widely thought that population pressures led to agriculture's appearance. The attractions of agricultural life over the hunter-gatherer lifestyle were not immediately evident, at least after the first easy phase, when intact forests and soils were there for the plundering. On the advancing front of agricultural expansion, life was easy, but as forests and soils were depleted, population pressures led to disease, "pests" learned to consume that human-raised food, and agricultural life became a life of drudgery compared to the hunter-gatherer or horticultural lifestyle. Sanitation issues, disease, and environmental decline plagued early settlements, and not long after they transitioned from hunter-gatherers to farmers, but the land could also support many times the people. Another aspect of biology that applies to human civilization is the idea of . Over history, the society with the higher carrying capacity prevailed, and the loser either adopted the winner’s practices or became enslaved, taxed, marginalized, or extinct. On the eve of the Domestication Revolution, Earth’s carrying capacity with the hunter-gatherer lifestyle was around 10 million people, and the actual population was somewhat less, maybe . On the eve of the Industrial Revolution in 1800, Earth’s population was , and again was considered to be about half of Earth's carrying capacity under that energy regime. No matter how talented a hunter-gatherer warrior was, he was no match for two hundred peasants armed with hoes.
The first level of awareness of FE is no awareness at all. Dennis spoke on hundreds of talk radio shows in the early 1990s between his stints in and , mounted , barnstormed the USA repeatedly, and engaged in many other activities. There have been several national TV shows about Dennis, but they were all parts of smear campaigns. Nearly all major media coverage featured a “skeptic” who and . Whether the attention was good or bad, many millions of Americans have at least heard of FE, in no small measure because of Dennis, but even the movie featured . It is safe to say that many Americans, maybe even more than half, have at least heard of FE in some way. Some have simply , others , and even most people who heard of it probably regard it as a cartoon fantasy, and that is . Their goal is to keep as large a fraction of the population at that level of awareness as possible. If the herd is not even restless or has any idea in what direction freedom might lie, it is exceedingly easy to manage. Also, some have poor memories; they hear about FE and immediately forget it, perhaps "ascending" to "higher" levels before they are back where they started.