Mauch, Henry Stephenson, Robert Warwick - The Prince and the Pauper"

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Christian proselytizing accompanied the Portuguese trading missions, and it was fairly successful in Japan, perhaps too successful. While the Chinese sneered at missionary efforts in Macau, which generated only about 20 Chinese Christian converts, Portuguese successes in Japan were another matter. By 1580, there were an estimated 150,000 Japanese Christians, and Nagasaki was the heart of the proselytizing effort. The Japanese converted largely to gain the advantages that came from trading with the Portuguese. Apparently the Portuguese success went to their heads and they began treating Japanese converts shabbily and arrogantly. In 1587, a powerful Japanese ruler saw the “Christian invasion” as a threat, and began courting the Protestant, non-proselytizing Dutch. He also began a savage persecution of the missionaries and Japanese converts, and thousands were killed. In 1639, Portugal was completely expelled from Japan, and the leadership of a subsequent delegation from Macau was infamously beheaded. The Dutch then served as Japan’s foreign trade conduit for the next two centuries.

To find them,just browse the nonfiction aisles until you reach the number 800.

Illustrated. Boston: Athenaeum Press.

There is a wide range of estimates on the body count of soldiers and civilians during the Gulf War, on the children's body count since the war was over, and the body count of other Iraqi citizens, such as the elderly and the ill. There is an easy analysis to perform to gain an idea of this tragedy’s magnitude. In the , the 1989 estimate of Iraq's population was 17.6 million people, with an annual growth rate of 3.6%, which was one of the world's largest. The nearly 20 years since the oil price increases of 1973 saw a great increase in Iraq’s standard of living, and infant mortality plummeted, literacy rose, and with Iraq attained the Middle East’s highest standard of living. The CIA estimated a 1989 Iraq population of 18.1 million. The CIA estimated a 2000 Iraq population of 22.7 million. The Population Reference Bureau estimated a 2000 Iraq population of 23.1 million. Those estimates are close to those given by UNICEF and . Using the more conservative 17.6 million 1989 population and the 3.6% growth rate, an estimated 2000 Iraq population of about 26.0 million is derived, for three million missing Iraqis.

Illustrated. Boston: Houghton, Mifflin and Co.

The Big Three Founding Fathers were Washington, Jefferson, and Franklin. Ben Franklin was the universal man of the English colonies who put America on the intellectual map. He originally amassed a fortune in the printing business and is considered the father of America’s free press. He then retired at a young age and pursued science, civics, and politics.

Boston: Little, Brown and Company.

Peoria, Ill: The Manual Arts Press.

Dover Area School District to finally, and clearly, show 'intelligent design' for what it is — a continuation of the attempt to teach creationism in the classroom, Kellscraft Studio is proud to list the 1st edition copy of Charles Darwin's here at our site.

All diagrams based on original furniture from Maine...

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Arthur Conan Doyle. 1891.
— A medieval tale by the author of the Sherlock Holmes stories. A wonderful adventure story reminiscent of the Robin Hood tales.

A really good read and highly recommended!

London: John Murray, Albemarle Street.
— Here's the beginning of the European exploration of the Chinese tea market and the rise of the Ceylon and India tea markets.

A good read for any modern gardener........

— A nice series of stories from Japan from early mythology through contact with the west in the 1860's. Heavily illustrated with drawings, prints and original photographs....

Charles Darwin.

William Cobbett. London: Sherwood, Neely and Jones.

For the remainder of this chapter Mill continues to praise the merits of the distinct individual, whose development confers immeasurable benefits on the human race: “whatever crushes individuality is despotism, by whatever name it may be called, and whether it professes to be enforcing the will of God or the injunctions of men” (266). He fears that to its own loss society is getting the better of individuality. More active life in individuals would mean more real life in the mass. Those endowed with originality and genius can help their fellows to reduce the deadening ascendency of mediocrity. Mill evidently here, in contrast to what he says elsewhere, trusts the capacity of the average man to recognize and accept the initiative of the gifted (267).

in 1817, the basis of his later work,

—. “Categories and Universals in the Later Middle Ages.” In Lloyd A. Newton, ed. Medieval Commentaries on Aristotle’s Categories. Leiden: Brill, 2008. 369- 409.