George Orwell: Politics and the English Language
Writing is about embarking on a journey of discovery, exploration and learning where new material, ideas and inspiration are transformed into words. Raw writing is usually in the form of a draft as the first cycle of writing rarely resembles the final product, even with a vision of the structure. In most cases writers have feelings or thoughts, and plunge into raw writing without knowing how words should be shaped. Words are laid down in a pile of ingredients, and structured writing shapes these ingredients into the form that gives meaning. The quickest and deepest improvements are made during freewriting, but only a handful of writers can get the right words the first time. A more common approach is direct writing where the aim is not to get the right words, but avoid losing track. Approaches such as Open-Ended Writing or Loop Writing are popular among professional writers. Writers strive for words that sound as natural as possible and fit like a well-tailored suit. Fiction writers use words based on imagination or facts, while nonfiction writers rely on facts. Good writing makes words come alive in blogs, books, essays, novels or dissertations.
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Readers find articles with interesting information enjoyable. For the same reason, writers strive to use words that make articles thought-provoking for the target readership. The choice of words is based on facts and figures to make the article interesting and convincing. It is important to be concise and respect . Generally, the lesser the words the better is the article. Novels are stories structured with words, and best-selling novels have words that do extraordinary things. Novel writers will tell you about the dreaded writers block having difficulty putting ideas into words. Writing a novel requires a calm and centered approach, and a strong sense of purpose. Novels are usually between 60,000 to 80,000 words, but established authors may write longer novels. Shorter versions of novels, also known as novellas, may range between 20,000 to 40,000 words. Short stories average 2,500 words, but may extend to 20,000 words. Writing a thesis or dissertation is critical for a graduate student, but most graduate students fail to write their dissertations because of lack of structure. Dissertation writing requires a solid foundation, where words are unique and directed at a specific audience. Writers understand that the language or word usage should be concise, simple and direct, creating pace and supplying excitement, passion and inspiration to the reader.
In Thailand, English is necessary in all levels of education because Ministry of Education specifies English as a compulsory subject in The Basic Education Course, which every student have to learn English form Grade 1 onwards in order to have four language skills (Wonglekha & Khamkhien, 2010).