Vice President: (1933-41); (1941-45); (1945)
CIVILIAN CONSERVATION CORPS -- provided work for jobless malesbetween 18 & 25 in reforestation, road construction, preventionof forest erosion. Ended in 1941.
A. What problems were faced by African Americansduring the 1930's?
1. Economic deterioration of cities led to Blackworkers being pushed out in favor of White workers or just plainbeing the first to be fired. Since African Americans had moved tothe cities later (Progressive Era migration) they were the "lasthired, first fired."
Education: Graduated from Harvard College (1903); Attended Columbia Law School
Occupation: Public official, lawyer
Political Party: Democrat
Other Government Positions:
4. Black colleges stopped receiving white philanthropy.
Because FDR made the modern presidency and the New Deal made modern American society. Whether you love FDR's politics and policies or loathe them, it's impossible to imagine the world we live in today without them.
B. What did Roosevelt do when he got elected?
Of course, "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself" (). Our man of the hour had was cracking quotable quotes from the start, and deserved it. Four won elections later, and FDR claimed his spot as one of the top presidents the nation has ever seen.
B. How did the New Deal hurt African Americans?
In his first inaugural address, United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt, made some attempt to assess the enormous damage: "The withered leaves of industrial enterprise lie on every side; farmers find no markets for their produce; the savings of many years in thousands of families are gone. More important, a host of unemployed citizens face the grim problem of existence, and an equally great number toil with little return." He was speaking of the Great Depression of 1929 to 1940, which began and centered in the United States but spread quickly throughout the industrial world. Despite describing the Great Depression with grim words, this economic catastrophe and its impact defied description. The United States had never felt such a severe blow to its economy. President Roosevelt's New Deal reshaped the economy and structure of the United States, however, in order to end the poverty during the crisis. The New Deal programs would employ and give financial security to millions of Americans. These programs would prove to be effective and extremely beneficial to the American society as some still provide the economic security and benefits today.
C. How did the New Deal help African Americans?
2. Mexican Americans - Dust bowl, aided somewhat by CCC and WPAbut most who were migrant farm workers didn't qualify because theydid not have permanent addresses.
2. Jobs - WPA developed a non discrimination policy.
The Great Depression began by the complete collapse of the stock market on October 24th, 1929 when about 13 million shares of stock were sold. The damage was extended on Tuesday, October 29 when more than 16 million shares were sold making the day forever known as Black Tuesday. The value of most shares fell sharply, leaving financial ruin and panic in its wake. There has never been a collapse in the market that has had such a devastating and long-term effect on the economy. Businesses closed and banks failed by the hundreds due to the collapse, putting millions out of work. Wages for those still fortunate enough to have work fell sharply. The value of money decreased as the demand for goods declined. In Franklin Roosevelt and the New Deal by William E. Leuchtenburg, the economic plight of the Depression is seen. "In the three years of Herbert Hoover's Presidency, the bottom had dropped out of the stock market and industrial production had been cut more than half.. By 1932, the unemployed numbered upward of thirteen million. Many lived in the primitive conditions of a preindustrial society stricken by famine."1