of War Henry Stimson's diary and papers (5/10/45 - 5/28/45).
Jews participated in Europe's rape of the world. Jewish financiers helped fund New World expeditions, they owned many of the ships used in the slave trade, and were part of the money economy that craved gold and silver. They were largely forced into those positions, but they could have migrated to the Islamic world and been treated better than Europe did, but for a number of reasons, such as increased economic opportunity, the Jews stayed in Europe, although the Middle East was more their "natural" home.
of War Henry Stimson's diary and papers (5/31/45 - 6/6/45).
"The prisoners were treated very brutally, starved, etc. Since these camps were in gross violation of international conventions, they were kept secret. We were afraid that the Germans might retaliate and treat American prisoners the same way.
Jews were usually slaughtered by mobs. However, the elite created the intellectual framework that justified the murders. Thomas Aquinas wrote the influential works that further set the stage for the Inquisition. Other high-ranking Catholic officials wrote and published various treatises. The official manual for witch-hunting was the , published in 1488. Pope Innocent VIII wrote the works preface. The framework for witch-hunting was developed by elites, but common people carried out the oppression. Most of the "witches" who died in those years were poor, although as there was money in it from confiscating the accuseds property, the accusation began targeting people of higher economic status. Their accusers were also poor.
And we're doing exactly what the terrorists want.
Many observable common aspects of today’s simians probably reflect ancestral traits predating the evolutionary splits that led to humans. A chimpanzee’s brain is about 360 cubic centimeters (“ccs”) in size, and that gracile australopithecine that probably had a brain of about 450 ccs. That brain growth reflected millions of years of evolution since the chimpanzee line split, at least a million years of bipedal existence, and . The cognitive and manipulative abilities of the species that made early stone tools seem to have been significantly advanced over chimps. Below is a comparison of the skull of a modern human, and orangutan, a chimpanzee, and a macaque. (Source: Wikimedia Commons)
I fear the latter self is right.
The human brain weighs more than three times the orangutan's and chimpanzee's, and more than ten times the macaque's. Beginning about 2.5 million years ago, around when the first stone tools were invented, the human line's jaws became weaker and jaw muscles were no longer attached to the braincase. Some scientists think that that change helped the human line's brain grow.
And we're doing exactly what the terrorists want.
Chimps and orangutans have distinct cultures and ways of transmitting knowledge, usually confined to observation. They have regional variations in tool use, and orangutans can display startling intelligence in captivity that is not witnessed in the wild, which may be like country bumpkins moving to the city where they can develop their intellects or get a chance to use them. Chimps can negotiate, deceive, hunt in ranked groups, learn sign language, use more than one tool in a process, problem-solve, and engage in other human-like activities. Developmentally, a chimp is ahead of a human until about age two, and chimps can also express empathy. Research has suggested that imitation (performing somebody else’s actions) and empathy (feeling what somebody else feels) are related neurologically. Humans, however, are far better than chimps in their social-cognitive skills, which brings in the "theory of mind," which is guessing what others are thinking. This is suspected to be the key developmental trait that set humans apart from their cousins.
Don't forget the incident yesterday in The Netherlands:
For all of their seeming cunning and behaviors right out of , rhesus monkeys cannot pass the ; they attack their images, as they see themselves as just another rival monkey. Chimpanzees, on the other hand, pass the mirror test, and the threshold of sentience, whatever sentience really is, may not be far removed from the ability to pass the mirror test, or perhaps humanity has not yet achieved it. , considered the most intelligent New World monkeys, have socially based learning, in which the young watch and imitate their elders. Different capuchin societies have different cultures and different tool-using behaviors reflected in different solutions to similar foraging problems. Capuchins, isolated from African and Asian monkeys for about 30 million years, have striking similarities to their Old World counterparts, with female-centric societies and lethal hierarchical politics. As with chimpanzees and humans, ganging up on lone victims is the preferred method, which increases the chance of success and reduces the risk to the murderers. Unlike rhesus monkeys, for instance, capuchin males can help with infant rearing, but they will also kill infants that they did not father, as rhesus, also do (that behavior has been observed in 50 primate species). Those comparisons provide evidence that simian social organization results from the connection between simian biology and environment; their societies formed to solve the problems of feeding, safety, and reproduction.