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On John Gardners, Grendel the main character Grendel is very confused of the life he is living.

Free Gardner Grendel papers, essays, and research papers.

Author of Grendel, John Gardner, and author of Frankenstein, Mary Shelley, both create a monster to represent something larger than itself in order to have the reader reflect on their “fears, desires, anxiety, and fantasy” in society, which is explained in Jefferey Cohen's Monster Culture (Seven Theses).

In John Gardner’s novel, Grendel, the main character, Grendel, seeks to find the meaning of life.

of the Dragon in John Gardner's Grendel

Most people think of evil and mayhem when they think of Grendel the monster. Grendel is one of the antagonists in the epic poem Beowulf that was written sometime between the eighth and eleventh century A.D. There has been a lot of discussion about this particular monster, so much so that John Gardner wrote a parallel novel in 1971 called Grendel in which the story is told by the monster's point of view. After reviewing both these texts, we find that there are some sharp contrasts provided in the depiction of the same characters in each of the text. Where Beowulf describes Grendel as a vile monster with no compassion, Grendel delves more into the philosophical aspects of why the monster was behaving in such a manner. Both texts, however, denote the evil that lay in Grendel as it went on a killing rage in the area.

With a mastermind of creativity, John Gardner successfully retells the classic epic poem, Beowulf.

In the epic poem Beowulf, the character Grendel appears as a monster with few human qualities and little to offer in life while, contrastingly, in John Gardner’s novel Grendel he is given unique human-like characteristics which define his every action and thought.

John Gardner provides these same biblical allusions of good and evil in his novel, Grendel.


Grendel is a 1971 fantasy novel by American author John Gardner

and the novel Grendel by John Gardner, it appears evident that the character Grendel gains more sympathy from the reader than that of the character Beowulf....

Online Essays and Commentary about John Gardner’s ..

In the novel, Grendel written by John Gardner, Gardner uses Grendel as an agent to portray his perspective of the evil and corrupt world of humans and their place in the universe.

John Gardner’s Grendel: The Index; jcgardner · John Gardner ..

While Grendel is a provocative and innovative work, John Gardner's views on art, as reflected in Grendel, are based upon a misunderstanding of art and are therefore unfounded....