Essay on Ethical Dilemmas in Workplace - 1620 Words
Benson, Thomas L. 1983. The clouded mirror: Animal stereotypes and human cruelty. In Harlan B. Miller and William H. Williams (eds.). Ethics and Animals. 79-90. Clifton, NJ: Humana Press.
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The article also has presented the personal research conducted by the authors, some 174 academics across three Australian universities in three different states. Two-thirds of the 174 had observed and experienced ethical dilemmas and indicated that such dilemmas are reasonably common. This finding is supported by Cranston, Ehrich, Kimber and Starr (2012). The article notes that ethical issues in research tend to be given a great deal of attention, via specially established committees that oversee research conduct. This overseeing or monitoring of ethical behaviour is in contrast to teaching practices in universities, where ethical issues may not be raised, as pointed by Wilson (1982 as cited in p. 103). Additionally, there are ethical challenges that the leaders are facing and there is a need for integrity while respecting others interests. Indeed, the academic leaders have to be conscious of their values as well as moral standards, an important view by Maak and Pless (2006 as cited in p. 103).
Regarding trade secrets and other proprietary information, the new Code of Ethics provides guidelines for industrial hygienists. As professionals, they are obliged to make sure that all parties who need to know information regarding health risks and exposures are given that information. However, hygienists must keep key business information confidential, except when overriding health and safety considerations require them to reveal it.
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Respect for the privacy and confidentiality of persons follows from the principle of autonomy. Privacy may be invaded and confidentiality violated by revealing or releasing information that can be used to identify or expose a person to unwanted or even hostile reactions or responses from others. This means that there is a need to protect such information from being disseminated. On the other hand, in the event the information is essential to discover or prevent health risks at the workplace, there is a need to protect the health of individual employees and indeed sometimes the health of a larger collective of employees who are exposed to the same workplace risks.
Ethical Dilemma in the Workplace - Term Paper
The second step is to identify the relevant ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and equity. The third step consists in identifying ethical advantages or benefits and costs or disadvantages for those persons or bodies who are involved in or affected by the problem or the occupational health issue. The expressions ethical gains or ethical costs are here given a rather broad meaning. Anything which may reasonably be judged to be beneficial or to have a positive impact from an ethical point of view is a gain. Anything which may affect the group in a negative way is in an analogous way an ethical cost.
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These trends have supported the emergence of the concept of integrity as an important value, intimately related to autonomy. Integrity in its ethical meaning signifies the moral value of wholeness, constituting all human beings as persons and ends in themselves, independent in all functions and demanding respect for their dignity and moral value.
Ethical Dilemma in the Workplace - Essays & Papers
In considering these three principles it is proper to re-emphasize that in the health services the autonomy principle has in the course of time largely superseded beneficence as the first principle of medical ethics. This in fact constitutes one of the most radical re-orientations in the long history of the Hippocratic tradition. The emergence of autonomy as a sociopolitical, legal and moral concept has profoundly influenced medical ethics. It has shifted the centre of decision-making from the physician to the patient and thereby re-oriented the whole physician-patient relationship in a revolutionary way. This trend has obvious implications for the whole field of occupational health. Within the health services and biomedical research it is related to a range of factors which have an impact on the labour market and industrial relations. Among these should be mentioned the attention given to participatory approaches involving workers in decision processes in many countries, the expansion and advance of public education, the emergence of civil rights movements of many types and the rapidly accelerating technological changes in production techniques and work organization.