The future of democracy in Latin America; essays
Addresses the question of what conditions increase or decrease the chances of democratizing hegemonic or nearly hegemonic regimes. Although it does not have a regional approach, it provides a typology of regimes, and most of the literature on Latin American transitions has used its insights to analyze the processes of regime change.
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As the years progress, I am becoming convinced that most people can’t walk, chew gum, and think at the same time.* Why did people who were highly critical of American capitalism feel compelled to overlook the atrocities associated with Stalinism? Why did other people critical of Soviet power look favorably upon the “authoritarian” but reliably anti-communist Latin American dictatorships as part of the free world? And to get to my present discomfort, why do those who are highly critical of Israeli actions in Gaza and the West Bank, ignore the terrorist tactics of Hamas? And why is it that those who are concerned with Palestinian terrorism ignore deeply problematic qualities of the order of things in Israel today?
This strikes me as a very American article. We have the same problem here: all political positions gradually are whittled away until everyone more or less compromises on a center from which nothing actually gets done. As a result, little of political import actually comes from the executive branch, and actual political decisions are left to the judiciary. I had not thought about U.S. politics in these terms until reading the ending of your article. This is a very worthwhile critique.
In one sense, I think the U.S. is possibly too big — and too split — to maintain a meaningful democracy. Conservative and liberal values exist in a roughly 50/50 distribution here, so the executive exercise of politics always appears as a betrayal of American values or a tyranny of the majority, whereas the alternative — as happens in Brazil — satisfies no one.
The Postcolonial Self in Latin America and Africa; Is Democracy a ..
During the middle of this crucial decade many Latin American countries turned from authoritarian regimes toward democracy and the rapid growth David Rock, editor (University of California Press, 1994)
Spanish and Latin American Transitions to Democracy by Carlos H
Democracy versus Dictatorship: Essays: School Democracy versus Dictatorship: Essays: School Essays: College Essays: English Essays For prompt and effective actions, unity of action is essentialDictatorship - Simple English Wikipedia, the free Question book-4 svg A dictatorship is a country where one person or political party has the power to Examples of this are the dictatorships in Latin AmericaWords short essay on dictatorship - Preserve Jun 2011 Short essay on dictatorship Dictatorship is distinct from monarchy Monarchy and dictatorship each are one man s autocratic rule
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Since gaining their independence at the beginning of the 19th century, the Latin American states have tried to establish democratic regimes. However, most of these efforts failed during the 19th century, in which dictatorships and oligarchic rule were the norm in the region. In his useful classification of electoral regimes in Latin America, Peter Smith distinguishes among electoral democracies, electoral semi-democracies, oligarchic republicanism, and nondemocracies (see , cited under ). Between 1900 and 1930 there were only three electoral democracies that lasted between one and fourteen years: Argentina (1916–1929), Mexico (1911–1913), and Uruguay (1919–1933). Between 1930 and 1975 there were processes of democratization and de-democratization in the whole region. The Latin American cases are a central contradiction to modernization theory, which connected the emergence of democracy with certain economic and social background conditions, such as high per capita income, widespread literacy, and prevalent urban residence. We saw the demise of democratic regimes in the most affluent countries of Latin America: Argentina in 1955, Brazil in 1954 and then again in 1964, Chile in 1973, and Uruguay in 1973. The last twenty years of the 20th century, however. saw important changes in the democratization processes of the region. Most of the nineteen Latin American countries experienced processes of electoral democratization. The literature on democratization in Latin America has followed a tendency in political science to emphasize the role of elites and pacts. In a way, as Nancy Bermeo (see , cited under ) and Adam Przeworski have argued, the group of the Woodrow Wilson Center (see , cited under ) was not only analyzing the democratization process, but wanted to “stop the killings.” The most robust structuralist theory, that of Barrington Moore, Jr., on the origins of democracy, was not that promising. The most recent works on democracy and democratization in Latin America are trying to analyze both structure and agency in the processes of democratization.
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Judith Ortiz Cofer tells in her essay, “The Myth of the Latin Woman”, what it is like growing up a Puerto Rican woman in white America, also that one does not need violence or cruelty to overcome racism and stereotypes or to gain equalit...