Malthusian Theory of Population
or Divine?" ~
our visitors can nevertheless find key insights on our site from such authorities as:-
- - - -
that give convincing support to such a "Tripartite" view of Human Nature!!!
Believe it, or believe it not,
All in all, then, a somewhat astonishing, evidenced, perception!
(and one with momentously far-reaching implications)
The content of this page now turns to a rather detailed consideration of the history of the gradual development of what is thought of as Darwinian Evolutionary Theory.
Brief biographical information about Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace intended to convey how their respective backgrounds and characters gave them potential towards the development of the Theory of Evolution will be presented.
Mention is then made of such important influences as Thomas Malthus' Essay on Population followed by an outline description of the scientific interactions between Darwin and Wallace including several autobiographical quotes as well as some key excerpts from their letters.
An Essay on the Principle of Population
As acknowledged by practitionersin both biology ( and )and the social sciences ( and ),Malthus' population theory has profoundly affected modern day ecological-evolutionary theory.
Population must be constantly checked to keep it in line with what the earth can produce. While it has become a commonplace in the literature to claim that increased productivity has disproved Malthus’s main contention of the need for population checks this is simply not the case.
Essays and criticism on Thomas Robert Malthus - Critical Essays
In the animaland plant world, Malthus asserts, species are impelled by instinct to propagatethe species. There is only one type of check on plant and animallifethe lack of room or nourishment for their offspring. That is,the positive check of premature death (). In human populations these positive checks, would include both famine anddisease that would lead to high infant and child mortality rates (). One of the most widely used positive checks, Malthus suggests, has beeninfanticide committed throughout human history (). In addition, Malthus saw a good portion of the human population carriedoff by war, disease, unwholesome occupations, hard labor, misery and vice(). Malthus labels these "positive" checks because they actively cut down existingpopulation by reducing the human life span.
Malthus wrote "Essay on the Principle of Population" ..
Malthus was urged by some during his lifetime to more explicitly includethe consideration of birth control in subsequent editions of the Essay,and to advocate or at least sanction their use. He largely ignoredsuch pleas (Winch, 1987).
Short Essay on the Malthusian Theory of Population
Malthus recognized that the cycle is not steady-paced. Wars, disease,economic cycles, technological breakthrough, the lag between change inthe price of food and money wages, and government action (such as the PoorLaws) can all temporarily disrupt or spur the cycle (Winch, 1987: 22). The oscillation between the growth of subsistence and population, andthe misery that it causes, has not been noted in the histories of mankindbecause these are histories of the higher classes (). Nonetheless, Malthus maintains, there is a continuing cycle between populationand productiona cycle that necessitates the operation of severe checkson population growth. II
The Odd Yet Awesome Theory of Population By Thomas Malthus
It is time to more generally recognize Malthus contributionto social thought, time to make him a part of the social science canon.