Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) | US Army War College
As our book mentioned in page 367, Talleyrand wrote; “I am afraid of an army of 100 sheep led by a lion than an army of 100 lions lees by a sheep” In addition, a great leader inside companies understand their employees under a decent and fair work environment, also, they have always present the importance of build a stronger long-term rela...
Essay - definition of essay by The Free Dictionary
In the past century, there have been two major challenges to liberalism, those of fascism and of communism. The former saw the political weakness, materialism, anomie, and lack of community of the West as fundamental contradictions in liberal societies that could only be resolved by a strong state that forged a new "people" on the basis of national exclusiveness. Fascism was destroyed as a living ideology by World War II. This was a defeat, of course, on a very material level, but it amounted to a defeat of the idea as well. What destroyed fascism as an idea was not universal moral revulsion against it, since plenty of people were willing to endorse the idea as long as it seemed the wave of the future, but its lack of success. After the war, it seemed to most people that German fascism as well as its other European and Asian variants were bound to self-destruct. There was no material reason why new fascist movements could not have sprung up again after the war in other locales, but for the fact that expansionist ultranationalism, with its promise of unending conflict leading to disastrous military defeat, had completely lost its appeal. The ruins of the Reich chancellery as well as the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki killed this ideology on the level of consciousness as well as materially, and all of the pro-fascist movements spawned by the German and Japanese examples like the Peronist movement in Argentina or Subhas Chandra Bose's Indian National Army withered after the war.
The state, headed by the Inca emperor and nobles, dominatedeveryone; but they provided for all the needs of the people. Theemperor was called the friend of the poor. Those in distress receivedfood from state storehouses, even if they had just been defeatedin war. The aged were given food from state warehouses if theydrove birds away from the fields. The emperor's word was law,and judges were expected to follow royal edicts. Crime was rare;if it was motivated by some need, the official responsible fornot meeting the need might be punished. Disputes between provinceswere settled by royal envoys or by the emperor himself. Treasonand disobedience of the emperor were punished with death as weremurder, arson, theft from the state, desertion from the army orpublic service, and breaking into a convent. Only a governor orthe emperor could decree a capital punishment, and a who did so was punished. Inca nobles were judged only by the courtof twelve judges in Cuzco. Women and the lower class were notallowed to testify. Nobles guilty of adultery were executed, butcommoners were only tortured. Another punishment was to be sentto work on the hot coca plantations.